Египет в взгляд

Египет находится на северо-востоке Африки с сухопутным мостом в Азию, образованной на Синайском полуострове.
Общая территория Египта составляет около 1 миллиона квадратных километров. Страна граничит с западной стороны Ливии, Юг граничит с Суданом, с севера на Средиземное море и восточной части Красного моря, Палестины и Израиля.
По данным переписи 2015 года население, Египет имеет население свыше 89 миллионов большинство из них живут вдоль реки. Столица Египта Каир, расположенный на севере страны, которые ее население более 11 миллионов человек. Александрия является вторым по величине городом в Египте после Каира, конечно, с населением более 4 млн человек.
Египет был известен как один из самых длинных историй любой другой современной страны.
Египет имеет одну из самых длинных историй любого современного государства, возникающие в десятом тысячелетия до нашей эры в качестве одного из первых в мире национальных государств. Считается колыбелью цивилизации, Древний Египет пережил некоторые из самых ранних разработок письма, сельского хозяйства, урбанизации, организованной религии и центрального правительства в истории. Iconic памятников, таких как Некрополь Гизы и Большой Сфинкс, а также руины Мемфиса, Фив, Карнак и Долину царей, отражают это наследие и остаются важным направлением археологического изучения и популярной во всем мире интерес. Богатое культурное наследие Египта является неотъемлемой частью ее национальной идентичности, пережив и порой усваивается различные иностранные влияния, в том числе греческий, персидский, римской, арабской, османской, и европейской.
Современный Египет считается региональным и средней мощности, со значительным культурным, политическим и военным влиянием в Северной Африке, на Ближнем Востоке и в мусульманском мире. Ее экономика является одной из крупнейших и наиболее диверсифицированных в Ближнем Востоке, с таких секторах, как туризм, сельское хозяйство, промышленность и услуги в почти равных уровнях производства. В 2011 году президент Хосни Мубарак давний сошел на фоне массовых протестов. Позже выборы наблюдался подъем Братьев-мусульман, а год спустя после массовых протестов был свергнут Братьев-мусульман. Временный президент был назначен президентских выборов в Республики в 2014 году.
 
Египетская экономика является второй по величине экономикой в ​​арабском мире после Саудовской Аравии. Крупнейшие отрасли, которые имеют большой доход в Египте сельское хозяйство, туризм и промышленность и ВВП в 2010 году вырос на 5%.
Египетская монета является египетский фунт (LE) и она делится на 100 пиастр (ПТ),.
.Egypt На Аравийском-нубийских щит, богатые месторождения золота находятся среди этой области.
 
Иностранные инвестиции в нефтяной сектор и горнодобывающей отрасли в Египте находятся под контролем отдельных соглашений между Отказ от ответственности иностранной компании и Министерства нефти и минеральных ресурсов или египетского минеральных ресурсов (EMRA).
90% египтян мусульмане (в основном сунниты), с 9% христиан и оставшегося 1% определяется как «другое».
Арабский язык является официальным языком, хотя на английском языке широко понимать.
Египет считается одним из древнейших цивилизаций мира, он создал более 5000 лет назад. Основан на реке Нил, который составляется годовой наводнение центральное процветания страны.
Фараоны царствовал был и в Мемфисе на севере и Фивы на юге, выборка культуры, которая продолжает пораженных и вдохновлять людей по всему миру с пирамиды, иероглифы и многочисленных вдохновляющих храмов и артефактов.
 Доказательства фараонов и римлян до сих пор существует в Sukari Gold Mine до сих пор

Флаг

The today's flag of Egypt shows three horizontal, same wide stripes in red, white and black with the golden (yellow) Eagle of Saladin, and was hoisted up in her today's form on 4th of October in 1984. The styling of the flag goes back to the after the abolition of the monarchy in the year 1952 introduced Arabic liberation flag.

Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1953)
In 1922, Britain agreed to formally recognize Egyptian independence, but only on the condition that the Sultan of Egypt, Fuad I, change his title to King. Upon so doing, the now King Fuad issued a Royal Decree formally adopting a new national flag of a white crescent with three white stars on a green background in it.
The three stars symbolized the three component territories of the Kingdom, namely Egypt, Nubia, and Sudan, whilst the green signifies the agricultural nature of the country, other sources suggest that it symbolized the predominant religion of the country, Islam. It has also been suggested that the three stars represented the three religious communities of the country: Muslims, Christians and Jews.

Republic of Egypt (1953–1958)
Following the Revolution of 1952, the Free 
Officers retained the flag of the Kingdom, but also introduced the Arab Liberation flag of red, white, and black horizontal bands, with the emblem of the Revolution, the Eagle of Saladin, in the center band. This earlier version of the eagle differs somewhat from the one later adopted. Even when the Kingdom was formally abolished by the declaration of the Republic on July 18, 1953, the flag of the Kingdom remained in official use until the formation of the United Arab Republic in 1958.



United Arab Republic (1958–1972)
In 1958, Egypt and Syria united as the United Arab Republic (UAR) and adopted a national flag based on the Arab Liberation flag, with two green stars (representing the two countries of the union) replacing the Eagle of Saladin in the white band. A modified version of the Eagle of Saladin was adopted as the UAR's coat of arms.




Federation of Arab Republics (1972–1984)
Though Syria withdrew from the U.A.R. in 1961, Egypt continued to use the official name of the United Arab Republic until 1971, when the country was renamed officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt. In 1972, when Egypt formed the Federation of Arab Republics along with
Syria, and Libya, the U.A.R. flag (whose design Syria would reuse for their own flag, eight years later) was replaced by a common flag for the Federation, once again based on the Arab Liberation flag. The two green stars in the white band were replaced by the Hawk of Qureish, which had been the coat of arms of Syria prior to the formation of the U.A.R. in 1958. The Hawk of Qureish was also adopted as the Federation's coat of arms. The shade of red used in the red band was lightened slightly.

Arab Republic of Egypt (1984-present)
Whilst the Federation of Arab Republic was dissolved in 1977, Egypt retained the Federation's flag until October 4, 1984, when the black Hawk of Qureish was replaced in the white band (and on the coat of arms) by the Eagle of Saladin (the 1958 version as opposed to the 1952 version). In addition, the shade of red in the red band was restored to the slightly darker shade of the red band in the pre-Federation flag.

Банкноты

Египетская кухня

Египетская кухня славится частных египетских вкус с некоторыми богатыми влияний, которые обогащают его,

Достопримечательности

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world’s most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramids, the Great Sphinx and the ancient temples of Luxor dating back thousands of years. Although focus of most tourist visits remains the great monuments along the Nile, possibilities for Egyptian travel also includes snorkeling and diving along the Red Sea coast. Other tourist attractions in Egypt include camel trips into the mountains of Sinai, tours to remote oases or visits to the Coptic monasteries of the Eastern Desert.

Mosque of Ibn Tulun
Built between 876 and 879 AD, the Mosque of Ibn Tulun is one of the oldest mosques in Cairo. It was commissioned by Ahmad ibn Ţūlūn, the Abbassid governor of Egypt. The mosque is constructed around a courtyard, with one covered hall on each of the four sides. The minaret, which features a helical outer staircase similar to that of the famous minaret in Samarra, was probably built several centuries later. Parts of the James Bond film The Spy Who Loved Me were filmed at the Mosque of Ibn Tulun.


Dahab
Dahab is located some 85 km (53 miles) north of Sharm el-Sheikh on the Gulf of Aqaba, near the southern tip of Sinai. Once an isolated coastal village, Dahab turned into a hippie hangout in the 1980’s and became something of an “alternative resort”, mixing cheap accommodation with a laid back lifestyle. Activities such as wind surfing, snorkeling, scuba diving and camel and jeep trips make it one of the most popular destinations along the Red Sea.

Siwa Oasis
Located in the Libyan Desert, Siwa Oasis is one of Egypt’s isolated settlements, with 23,000 people, mostly ethnic Berbers. Located on an old date trade route, Siwa was an oasis vital to the trade route, as the natural springs and shade giving palm trees gave travelers respite from the desert. With the collapse of the Roman Empire, Siwa began its decline. In recent decades tourism has become a vital source of income. Much attention has been given to creating hotels that use local materials and play on local styles.

Egyptian Museum
Home to at least 120,000 items of ancient Egyptian antiquities, the Egyptian Museum is one of Cairo’s top attraction. There are two main floors of the museum, the ground floor and the first floor. On the ground floor there is an extensive collection of papyrus and coins used in by the ancient Egyptians. On the first floor there are artifacts from the final two dynasties of Ancient Egypt and also many artifacts taken from the Valley of the Kings. Highlights include the objects from the Tomb of Tutankhamen and the Royal Mummy Room containing 27 royal mummies from pharaonic times.

Abu Simbel
Abu Simbel is an archaeological site comprising two massive rock-cut temples in southern Egypt on the western bank of Lake Nasser. The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses The Great in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari. The complex was relocated in its entirety in the 1960s, when the temples were threatened by submersion in Lake Nasser, due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam. Abu Simbel remains one of Egypt’s top tourist attractions.

Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings near Luxor is a valley where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the kings and privileged nobles of the New Kingdom. The valley contains 63 tombs and chambers, ranging in size from a simple pit to a complex tomb with over 120 chambers. The royal tombs are decorated with scenes from Egyptian mythology and give clues to the beliefs and funerary rituals of the period. All of the tombs seem have been opened and robbed in antiquity except for the famous tomb of Tutankhamun

River Nile Cruise
Cruising the Nile is a popular way of visiting upper Egypt. The Nile River has been Egypt’s lifeline since ancient times and there is no better way to trace the passage of Egypt’s history than to follow the course of the Nile. Almost all Egyptian cruise ships travel the Luxor-Aswan route which is safe, scenic and terminates at two of Egypt’s most important towns. Taking a Felucca down the Nile is an adventurous option. Feluccas are sail boats that have been used on the Nile since antiquity. A Felucca is not quite as comfortable as a luxury cruise ship but nothing can beat sailing in a quiet rig that was designed thousands of years ago.

Red Sea Reef
The Red Sea, off the coast of Egypt, is one of the most beautiful places in the world to go diving. The waters of the Red Sea are renowned for their spectacular visibility and features some of the most exotic seascapes. With its wide expanse of coral formation on the reefs, it is home to thousands of different sea creatures. Red Sea beach resorts are located on both sides of the sea, on the east side and part of the Sinai peninsula is the long established Sharm el Sheikh and its neo-hippy counterpart, Dahab. On the west coast of the Red Sea lies relatively old and touristy Hurghada and a cluster of new resort towns.

Karnak
Although badly ruined, few sites in Egypt are more impressive than Karnak. It is the largest ancient religious site ever built, and represents the combined achievement of many generations of Egyptian builders. The Temple of Karnak actually consists of three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples located about 2.5 kilometers north of Luxor. One of most famous structures of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall, a hall area of 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft) with 134 massive columns arranged in 16 rows.

Giza Necropoli
The Pyramids of Giza, situated in the immediate vicinity of the southwestern suburbs of Cairo are the undisputable top attractions in Egypt. The pyramids at Giza were built over the span of three generations – by Khufu, his second reigning son Khafre, and Menkaure. The Great Pyramid of Khufu is an awe-inspiring 139 meters (455 feet) high making it the largest pyramid in Egypt, although nearby Khafre’s Pyramid appears to be larger as it is build at a higher elevation.

События

There are many world class events, festivals and exhibitions which collectively draw in millions of visitors to Egypt each year. Below we take a look at some of the best annual events worth visiting Egypt for.
Cairo Film Festival
One of the top movie events in Africa each year, Cairo International Film Festival is a world class and much respected event in the industry and attracts many of the world’s top directors and actors.
Egypt Boat Show
The Egypt International Boat Show draw in thousands of visitors every January to the country and is a fascinating event to attend whether you are interested in buying boats or just enjoy looking and dreaming.
Sharm el Sheikh Half Marathon
If you are interested in sports, the Shark el Sheikh half marathon takes place annually and is a great run to get involved with.
Cairo International Book Fair
If literature is your passion, then the International book fair in Cairo is the leading exhibition of its type in the country each year and well worth attending.
International Fair
One of the best trade events of the year for those of you interested in doing business in or with companies in Egypt is Cairo International Fair.
Fashion Week in Cairo
The International Fashion Show and week attract the words top designers, buyers and models to the city if Cairo annually. This show also gives the fashion world a chance to experience the latest Egyptian designs and styles.

Климат

Египет по существу имеет горячий климат пустыни

Говорят на арабском языке

The main issue in any travel plan that how you will communicate with the culture of the country you go for. When you put Egypt in your plans you must know that you have to learn some Arabic common words to be easily dealing with the Egyptian people.
First, let’s start with simple words

 
Yes Away
No La’
Please Min fadlak
Thank you Shokran
You are welcome Afwan
I Ana
You Enta (m) , enti (F)
We Ehna
Want A’yez (M) A’yza (F)
Market Su’
Good Kwayyis
Bad Wehesh
Hello Ahlan
Good bye Ma’assalama
Good morning Sabah el kher
Good evening Mesa’elkher
Good night Tesbah ala kher
What is your name Ismak eh (M) Esmek eh (F)
Never mind Maalesh
Congratulations Mabruk
How are you? Ezzayak (M) ezzayik (F)
How much does this cost? Bikaam?
What is this? Eh daa ?
Where is? Feyn ?
I would like to buy A’yes ashteree
Do you have Andak (M) andik (F)
Too much Keteer
Breakfast Fitar
Lunch ghadaa
Dinner ashaa
Vegetarian Nabati
Please bring the bill El hesab min fadlak
I love you Ana bahebk
Lets go Yalla
Taxi Taxi
No problem Mafeesh mushkela
 

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