Welcome

Dear Guests,

It gives me a great pleasure to welcome you to our Red Sea Riviera website. There is so much to enjoy for you under the everlasting sunshine of our beautiful region.

Therefore Red Sea Riviera shows you an in-depth look in ‘what to do’ and ‘where to go’ in the Red Sea.  We more than welcome both the individual traveler and the ‘all-inclusive’ families. Our aim is to offer the best of the best. That is why we strive to excel in service and hospitality. 

We take a pride of our capital
Hurghada receiving the awards of best beach city, and to the south our beautiful Marsa Alam city received also the award of the best touristic city on holiday check Survey 2013.

Our cities has a lot to offer to you and your families, Please use this guide as your ultimate source to learn about the huge variety of our attractions and facilities & new initiatives of accessible tourism and our green energy ambitious plans.

Wishing you a very pleasant and memorable stay,


G. Ahmed Abdulla
Red Sea Governor

Red Sea

Red Sea Governorate is one of the Egyptian governorates. Located between in the south east side of Egypt, the Southern border of the Red Sea governorate is with Sudan, and the Capital of the Governorate is Hurghada
The Red Sea governorate is part of the South Upper Egypt Region, encompassing Aswan, Luxor, Qena & Souhag .
The Red Sea has a strategic importance across the history as a main artery bridging east and west.

It is Egypt's eastern gate, and it is full with natural resources Oil, Minerals & fish.This is in addition to its gifted beautiful nature, and its wonderful climate characterized by the warm sun and low humidity rate all the year round. Extending along the Red Sea and deep into the Eastern Desert gave the governorate its strategic importance, as such; it is strategically significant for Egypt national security in particular and the Arab Region in general.
The Red Sea Governorate total area is about 119.1 thousand km 2  which represents 12% of Egypt's area. The governorate has 6 cities, 2 districts, 12 rural local units annexed by 14 villages, and 22 hamlets.

Hurghada Safaga Ras Gharib El Qusier Marsa Alam Shalateen Halayeb

Map

The Red Sea is sprawl   of the Indian Ocean, located between Africa and Asia.
Entrance to the sea in the south is through the Gulf of Aden and narrow Bab el Mandeb.

North the sea is accessed from Middle Eastern countries via the Gulf of Aqaba (or Gulf of Eilat.) The Mediterranean Sea provides a duct  south through the Suez Canal and Gulf of Suez

This salty sea is just over 190 miles (300 km) across at its widest point, and about 1,200 miles (1,900 km) in length.
 The maximum depth is 2,500 m, and an calculated average depth of 500 m. Much of the immediate shoreline is little shallow. 


 With hot sunny days, and the lack of any significant rainfall, desert dust storms are known that it sweep across the sea. The very High heat and the lack of raining facilitates high levels of evaporation - therefor the sea's high salinity.


Regardless, the invariant of the sun as well beautifully   beaches, amazing   coral reefs and a cluttering of shipwrecks are major attractions for scuba divers. Resorts like Sharm al-Sheikh, red sea riviera and others in Egypt along the Gulf of Aqaba and Gulf of Suez are fast becoming major tourist destinations.

Geography

The Red Sea Governorate is bordered by the Suez Governorate on the north, from the east by the Red Sea, from the west by the governorates of Aswan, Qena, Sohag, Asyut, al-Minya and Beni Suef. In the south it is bordered by Sudan's Red Sea State. 

The province extends on the coast of the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea. Where the form of strategic importance to Egyptian national security as one of the main roads approaching the depth of the country.

The main contact between Africa and Asia ring especially Southeast Asian countries is also considered.

The province is also a link between Egypt and the Arab countries bordering the Red Sea is considered as an outlet for exports and imports of the provinces of destination tribal and conservative form of mineral, water and tourism wealth strategic support to solve the economic problem.

Red Sea is linked to three important regions closely linked to direct. In the north, the Mediterranean, and what it overlooks from Arab states and European countries. And it located in the east of the Arab Gulf region, with wealth -oil exports. And the West of Africa, which control the entrance of the Red Sea to the south, and represents a point move to central and southern Africa.

Red Sea controls one of the main roads of the world trade, especially in respect to the oil and raw materials supply, in addition to his role as a liaison between the northern hemispheres floor and the south. 

And in the far south of the Red Sea, Bab al-Mandab, and port it to the Indian Ocean. And in northern Suez Canal and a port into the Mediterranean Sea. 

the Red Sea occupied   an area of ( 438 000 square km) and extends from the Bab al-Mandab south to the Sinai north about (1900 km) , and the total length of the Red Sea coast starting from the Suez Canal to Bab al-Mandab 0.4938 km , of which 4244 km are the coasts of the six Arab states .

And there are three straits on the Red Sea: the Bab al-Mandab, Gopal, theran 

 

History

It is known that ancient Egyptians discovered the Red Sea, as they try to construct commercial routes to Punt. One such mission took place in 2500 BC, and another around 1500 BC by Hatshepsut. Both spend a lot of time tripping along the Red Sea. Historically, scientists argued and were not sure that these trips were even possible.
During the middle Ages, the Red Sea played an important role of the spice trade route. In year 1513, they try to secure that canal to Portugal, Alfonse de Albuquerque placing a siege to Aden, but were forced to backsliding. They entered the Red Sea through   Bab al-Mandab, as the first European have sailed these waters ever.It was the first voyage of exploration of the Red Sea by the ancient Egyptians, because they convert the trade routes to the establishment of Puntland. In addition, it signed one of these campaigns around 2500 BC, and the other about 1500 BC (by Hatshepsut). Both trips were along the Red Sea.Maqdisi has mentioned in his book " partitions in the best knowledge of the regions: the Caspian Sea, which is the mother of Moses put the ark of Moses, when the faint of Pharaoh The children of Israel across the Red Sea, accompanied by Prophet Moses as stated in the Qur'an In the sixth century BC, Darius I of Persia sent reconnaissance missions to the Red Sea, has improved and expanded the movement by locating a lot of dangerous rocks and currents of water scale. Channel has been built between the Nile and the northern end of the Red Sea at Suez City. Send Alexander the Great in the late fourth century BC Greek cruises down the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean. Greek sailors continued to explore and collect data from the Red Sea. Collection of Agatharashids information about the sea in the second century BC Guide shows the "Periplus of the Eritrean Sea" which was written by the Greeks in the first century detailed description of the ports of the Red Sea and roads.  Also describes how Hballos discovered   for the first time the direct route from the Red Sea to India.
The Red Sea was the Romania’s trade favorite route with India. Starting from the reign of Emperor Augustus, when the Romanian Empire controlled the Mediterranean, Egypt, and the northern Red Sea. The road was used by previous states but increased in the volume of traffic under the Romans. Chinese goods made from Indian ports  and spread to the Roman world. Depends contact between Rome and China on the Red Sea, but the road has been broken by the Axum empire in the third century AD, almost. In 1798, France gives General Napoleon mission to conquest Egypt and control the Red Sea. In addition, he failed in his mission. The engineer Jean-Baptiste Lopez, who was involved in this task re-channel the idea, which was perceived at the time of the pharaohs. there are Several canals were built in ancient times from the Nile to the Red Sea along  the line of the present Sweet Water Canal, but none of these  lasted for long time. The opening of the Suez Canal was in November 1869. At that time the British, the Italians and the French shared their business centers. These centers were dismantled gradually in the aftermath of the First World War. After World War II, it took control of the influence of the Americans and the Soviets in the volume of oil tankers intensive movement. However, the Six-Day War culminated in the closure of the Suez Canal in between 1967-1975.

Economy

Red sea coast is, as already mentioned, an important tourist element. Since the early 80s, Hurghada has been a popular destination for beach lovers and scuba divers. Tourism is also growing in the southern cities of Al-Qusair, Safaga and Marsa Alam. In addition to the numerous hotels and tourist, establishments in the centers are located in the red sea.Two official nature reserves are to be developed for tourism. Wadi  al-Gamal National Park (Valley of the camels) at Hamata near the town of Marsa Alam and the Gebel Elba National Park (Elba Mountain) in disputed Hala'ib Triangle north of the town of Hala'ib. Besides a strong tourism industry, there is also a large offshore fishing industry. The area which extends over the province, is rich in minerals, such as phosphates.The Ras Gharib region contains 70% of Egypt's oil production sum.
Quarry:There is maintaining more than (226) quarries to extract many of the raw materials such as:(Granite - Marble Karimi Block) - Green Marble - Black Marble - Marble Puccino - pink marble - red marble - white marble (break).
Tourism importance: Diverse tourism activities such as, therapeutic and recreational tourism, safari tourism, sports and conferences and there are tourism Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic.There are also a number (2) nature reserve (the valley of beauty - Gebel Elba) in addition to the number (39) Island. The number of hotel facilities and the village of more than 255 hotels & resorts.
Medical tourism: Safaga City is characterized by black sand that addresses patients with rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis.
The recreational tourism: Enjoy the magnificent Red Sea beaches that attract tourists from all over the world and the chain hotels, villages and tourist resorts many recreational activities, concerts and tourist nights enjoyed by tourists along. Red Sea waters and beaches used of all kinds of marine sports such as: (Sport sailing panels - fishing - Scuba diving and snorkeling).
Religious tourism: There on the land of the Red Sea Governorate religious importance such as: The tomb of Sheikh Abu Hassan Chedli Marsa Alam - the monastery of St. Anthony and the Monastery of Saint Paul in Ras Gharib.
Historical tourism: Red Sea Governorate has an important historical place of the most ancient times, such as: Om Alfoackher Valley area (through Edfu - Marsa Alam) – mountain abu el dokhan. 
Eco-tourism: Is the main source of the income for tourism in the Red Sea, where eco-tourism provides the following:
1. The financial resources for the development and maintenance of the natural and cultural heritage in international parks and protected areas.
2. Raise the standard of living for local residents.
3. Creation of employment opportunities in the tourism sector or in the maintenance and management of environmental resources.
4. The development of local industries, local handicrafts, and agricultural products.
5. Development of hotels, restaurants, services, transportation, communications and television transmission.
6. Provide recreational means that can be used by local residents.

Population

In addition to the administrative center of Hurghada, about 60,000 residents live in the cities of Hurghada  Ras Gharib, Safaga,Al-Qusair, Marsa Alam, Halayeb & Shalateen.
The population in 2006 was 288,661 inhabitants, of which more than 275,000 lived in a few towns along the coast. In general, the economic structure of the province's cities and tourist areas is concentrated along the coast. Historically, the population since 1937 was:
1937: 9,914 - 1947: 15,929 - 1966: 38,000 - 1976: 56,191 - 1986: 90,491
1993: 131,583 - 1994: 139,655 - 1995: 148,222 - 1996: 157,315 - 1997: 160,823
1998: 164,509 - 1999: 167,928 - 2000: 171,521 - 2001: 181,297 - 2002: 191,923
2003: 203,016 - 2004: 214,752 - 2005: 227,164 - 2006: 288,661 - 2007: 306,155
2008: 324,707 - 2009: 344,384 - 2010: 365,942 - 2011: 388,851 - 2012: 413,192
2013: 443,728 - 2014: 472,203





















 

National Day

January 22nd of Each year, The Red Sea Celebrates the National Day of the Governorate.
This day marks the memory of Shadwan battle 1970 during the war of attrition between Egypt & Israel, The Israeli army " paratroopers, naval commands" attempted to land on the
Shadwan Island trying to occupy it, But due to the stiff resistance on land and the massive air strikes from Egyptian air forces the Israeli forces failed to remain on the island.
Shadwan island is a rocky island in the Red Sea with
Shadwan lighthouse to guide ships & located 35 kilometers north of Hurghada city & 325 kilometers south of Suez city, with a total area of 41 thousand square meters. 

This are the names of the champions of the shedwan battle from Hurghada, some of them died in the battlefield and some of them is alive until now
1- Hamed Atek 
2- Ahmed Gadallah 
3- Fawzy El Remozy 
4- Mohamed Atek ( El Mogrem ) 
5- El Rayes Abdellah Mohamed Saeed 
6- Hassan Gadallah 
7- Ali Marzok 
8- Sayed Ahmed 
9- Saad El Romozy 
10- Abd-Elmalek Mahmoud Selim 
10- Salman Mohamed Hemdallah 
11- Mahmoud Meki 
12- Moslim Arfat Elgretly 
13- Hassan Hemeed Aoda 
Read more about their stories & a short brief about our proudly Red Sea champions
Blog here

 

Climate

Red Sea has a subtropical desert climate and has two distinct seasons; a hot summer and milder winter. The summer months begin in April and end in October with winter starting in November and finishing in March. Though there is very little difference in the day time temperatures between summer and winter, except for in January, instead the greatest variation in temperature is during the nights.

Summer
During the summer months the temperatures range from the low of 30 degrees Celsius in April to highs of 40 degrees Celsius in July. The night time temperatures see a relief from the intense heat of the days with temperatures ranging from 17 degrees Celsius in April to 26 degrees Celsius in July. There are pleasant sea breezes that make the temperatures more tolerable during the day time and if you are visiting to enjoy the many water sports offered you are almost guaranteed to enjoy fine weather.

Winter
Winter day time temperatures remain high with temperatures of 27 degrees Celsius in November being the high and 19 degrees Celsius in January being the low. The biggest difference between the temperatures in summer and winter is during the night. The night time lows drop dramatically between October and November.

October, still summer, goes from being around 33 degrees during the day to around 20 degrees during the night whereas November, the start of winter, sees temperatures around 27 degrees Celsius during the day dropping down to a very mild 13 degrees Celsius at night. The coldest month of the year is January with a temperature high of 19 degrees Celsius and a low of 8 degrees Celsius at night.

Temperature  °C Jan Feb Mar Apr May June
Average high in °C 22 23 25 29 33 35
Average low in °C 12 11 14 18 22 25
Av. Water temperature 18 18 20 25 26 28
Av. Wind speed (kts) 12 13 14 14 14 16
Hours of Sunshine Daily 9 10 10 10 11 12

Temperature  °C July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high in °C 36 34 31 27 27 23
Average low in °C 26 26 24 21 17 13
Av. Water temperature 28 29 27 25 23 19
Av. Wind speed (kts) 16 16 16 14 12 12
Hours of Sunshine Daily 13 12 11 10 9 9

Totals and averages

Annual average high temperature: 28.7 °C
Annual average low temperature: 19.0 °C
Annual Average temperature: 23.9 °C
Annual Average Water temperature: 23.8 
Annual Average Wind speed (kts): 14

 

Ports

Hurghada International Airport
Hurghada airport started in 1966; 102,000 Egyptian pound was specialized to operate Hurghada airport to receive heavy aircrafts which carries tourists coming from Europe to be landed directly in Hurghada airport instead of Cairo airport then travel to Hurghada.
After 1967 war the airport was specialized to the military affairs till the victory in 1973; then in 1977 part of airport was operated for civil aviation.The airport is currently served by two terminals: Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. In recent years,a large number of expansion works was carried out at the airport, including the building of the arrival hall, which cost US$155 million.
The airport is located 6km away from Hurghada city  & receives about 8062645 passengers per year from different nationalities.
The airport services more than 130 airlines of different nationalities.The airport is operated to receive different kinds of aircrafts types ( heavy - medium - light ) ones.Construction of a new terminal complex at a cost of $335 million, which was mainly financed by the Arab Fund for Economic Development. Egypt's aviation minister, Houssam Kamal, said that the airport would be able to host up to 13 million visitors annually. The project was inaugurated by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi on December 17, 2014. The new terminal has a total area of 92,000 square meters on 3 levels. The departure hall has 72 check-in counters, 20 departure gates and a duty-free arcade.Construction of a second 4,000m long, 75m wide runway.
Airport Code / FlightStats code: HRG  / IATA code: HRG / ICAO code: HEGN

Hurghada Departure Flights Hurghada Arrival Flights

Marsa Alam International Airport
It was built in response to the increasing needs of European travelers to this southern Red Sea destination as well as domestic flights withing egypt, along with other airports on the Red Sea such as Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport, being inaugurated on 16 October 2003.
The official name of the airport until 2011 was Marsa Mubarak Airport. The airport is the first privately owned and operated by EMAK Marsa Alam for Management & Operation Airports, a subsidiary of the M.A. Al-Kharafi Group of Kuwait. It is managed by Aéroports de Paris. Marsa alam international airport located 60 km far from marsa alam city. It's the first airport worked  with the  B.O.T system  with  contract for 40 years   with the Egyptian  Civil Aviation Authority.this airport is  mainly established to support tourism  in  red sea. The airport runway can handle huge airplanes like Boing 737 ,757 , 767. 
Marsa Alam International Airport  is an essential ingredient to making the city a perfect place to live, do business or spend a stress-free holiday. 
Airport Code / FlightStats code: RMF / IATA code: RMF

Marsa Alam Departure Flights Marsa Alam Arrival Flights 

Hurghada port
It highlights the importance of the port for its service and the World Tourism Red Sea area and tourism yachts, code and tourism long
cruise ships, as well as marine shipping lines to transport tourists and passengers from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states to the port of Sharm el-Sheikh Maritime.

Location: The port is located on the west coast of the Red Sea near the entrance to the Gulf of Suez and 370 km south of Suez.
Port Specifications:The establishment of a modern passenger lounge area of ​​900 square meters equipped with all services for the tourists and equipped with detection equipment needed for baggage, bombs and doors. It is currently planned to build a new hall for traveling on an area of ​​900 square meters and the creation of Square detect oncoming cars accompanied by the passengers and increasing the lengths of berths to meet the increasing movement of the passengers and tourists.

The average number of cruise ships 675 ships annually.
And the average number of tourist yachts is 210 yachts annually.
Number of ordinary passenger vessels (Hurghada / Duba ) 600 vessel, in addition to 13 thousand cars accompanied by the passengers .
Average number of tourists 50 thousand tourists a year.
The average number of ordinary passengers 500 thousand passengers per year ( Duba / Hurghada ) - ( Hurghada / Sharm)
Total area: 9940350 square meters
Water Area: 9897310 square meters
Floor area: 43 040 square meters
Squares Area: 9900 square meters
Navigational waterway Length: 9000 meters
The depth of the waterway: 15 meters

Safaga Port
The port is located the Red Sea Governorate and on the west coast of the Red Sea , which is a natural bay 60 kilometers south of Hurghada at a distance of 225 nautical miles south of Suez port and is being protected Gulf from the eastern and northern natural protection on the island of Safaga as they are protected from the western side of the prevailing wind by mountains but exposed in a simple period of the year to South wind ( Alazyab ) that cause the occurrence of turbulence and waves inside the harbor and great depths within the scope of the port which allows to receive a large decked ships.
Port Specifications: Total area: 57.1 square kilometers (57.153 million square meters)
Water Area: 56.5 square kilometers (56.49 million square meters)
Floor area: 0.7 square kilometers (663 000 square meters)
Total squares Area: 200 159 square meters The maximum design capacity (absorptive) 6.37 million tons annually, as follows:
General cargo 2.2 million tons.
Dry Bulk 4.17 million tons (aluminum).
Working Hours: 24 hours a day system.

 


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