Ägypten im Überblick

Egypt is located in north east Africa with a land bridge to Asia formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Total territory of Egypt is approximately 1 million square kilometers. The country borders from the west side Libya, South borders with Sudan, from the north Mediterranean Sea and east side the Red Sea, Palestine & Israel.
According to the 2015 population census, Egypt has a population of over 89 million most of them live along the river. The capital of Egypt is Cairo, located in north of the country, which its population more than 11 million persons. Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo of course, with a population over 4 million persons.
Egypt has been known as one of the longest histories of any other modern country.
Egypt has one of the longest histories of any modern country, arising in the tenth millennium BCE as one of the world's first nation states. Considered a cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion and central government in history. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest worldwide. Egypt's rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, having endured and at times assimilated various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European.
Modern Egypt is considered to be a regional and middle power, with significant cultural, political, and military influence in North Africa, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Its economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and services at almost equal production levels. In 2011, longtime President Hosni Mubarak stepped down amid mass protests. Later elections saw the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood, a year later after mass protests was overthrown the Muslim Brotherhood. A temporary president has been appointed Presidential elections of the Republic in 2014.

The Egyptian economy is the second largest economy in the Arab world after Saudi Arabia. The largest sectors that have the largest income in Egypt are agriculture, tourism and industry and GDP grew up by 5% in 2010.
The Egyptian coinage is the Egyptian Pound (LE) and it is divided into 100 Piaster’s (PT).
.Egypt is on the Arabian-Nubian Shield, rich gold deposits are found among this region.

Foreign investments in the petroleum sector and the mining sector in Egypt are controlled by individual disclaimers agreements between the foreign company and the Ministry for Petroleum and Mineral Resources or the Egyptian Mineral Resource Authority (EMRA).
90% of Egyptians are Muslim (mostly Sunni), with 9% Christian and the remaining 1% defined as 'Other'.
Arabic is the official language, although English is widely understood.
Egypt considered one of the oldest civilizations of the world, it established over 5,000 years ago. Based around the River Nile, which annual flood was central to the country's prosperity.
The Pharaohs reigned was  both in Memphis in the north and Thebes in the south, fetching  a culture that has continued to amazed  and inspire people over  the world  with the pyramids, hieroglyphics and numerous  inspiring temples and artifacts.
 The Evidence of the Pharaohs and the Romans still exists at the Sukari Gold Mine till now.
  

Flag

The today's flag of Egypt shows three horizontal, same wide stripes in red, white and black with the golden (yellow) Eagle of Saladin, and was hoisted up in her today's form on 4th of October in 1984. The styling of the flag goes back to the after the abolition of the monarchy in the year 1952 introduced Arabic liberation flag.

Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1953)
In 1922, Britain agreed to formally recognize Egyptian independence, but only on the condition that the Sultan of Egypt, Fuad I, change his title to King. Upon so doing, the now King Fuad issued a Royal Decree formally adopting a new national flag of a white crescent with three white stars on a green background in it.
The three stars symbolized the three component territories of the Kingdom, namely Egypt, Nubia, and Sudan, whilst the green signifies the agricultural nature of the country, other sources suggest that it symbolized the predominant religion of the country, Islam. It has also been suggested that the three stars represented the three religious communities of the country: Muslims, Christians and Jews.

Republic of Egypt (1953–1958)
Following the Revolution of 1952, the Free 
Officers retained the flag of the Kingdom, but also introduced the Arab Liberation flag of red, white, and black horizontal bands, with the emblem of the Revolution, the Eagle of Saladin, in the center band. This earlier version of the eagle differs somewhat from the one later adopted. Even when the Kingdom was formally abolished by the declaration of the Republic on July 18, 1953, the flag of the Kingdom remained in official use until the formation of the United Arab Republic in 1958.



United Arab Republic (1958–1972)
In 1958, Egypt and Syria united as the United Arab Republic (UAR) and adopted a national flag based on the Arab Liberation flag, with two green stars (representing the two countries of the union) replacing the Eagle of Saladin in the white band. A modified version of the Eagle of Saladin was adopted as the UAR's coat of arms.




Federation of Arab Republics (1972–1984)
Though Syria withdrew from the U.A.R. in 1961, Egypt continued to use the official name of the United Arab Republic until 1971, when the country was renamed officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt. In 1972, when Egypt formed the Federation of Arab Republics along with
Syria, and Libya, the U.A.R. flag (whose design Syria would reuse for their own flag, eight years later) was replaced by a common flag for the Federation, once again based on the Arab Liberation flag. The two green stars in the white band were replaced by the Hawk of Qureish, which had been the coat of arms of Syria prior to the formation of the U.A.R. in 1958. The Hawk of Qureish was also adopted as the Federation's coat of arms. The shade of red used in the red band was lightened slightly.

Arab Republic of Egypt (1984-present)
Whilst the Federation of Arab Republic was dissolved in 1977, Egypt retained the Federation's flag until October 4, 1984, when the black Hawk of Qureish was replaced in the white band (and on the coat of arms) by the Eagle of Saladin (the 1958 version as opposed to the 1952 version). In addition, the shade of red in the red band was restored to the slightly darker shade of the red band in the pre-Federation flag.

Banknoten

 
Egypt Banknotes The Egyptian pound (Arabic: جنيه مصري‎ Genēh Maṣri Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ɡeˈneː(h) ˈmɑsˤɾi] Code: (EGP) is the currency of Egypt.
 It is divided into 100 piastres, or ersh (قرش [ʔeɾʃ]; plural قروش [ʔʊˈɾuːʃ];) Locally, the abbreviation LE or L.E., which stands for livre égyptienne (French for Egyptian pound) is frequently used.
EGYPTIAN POUND 1924
Egyptian pound is the officially currency in Egypt and it divided to 100 piaster or 1000 milliems according to central bank of Egypt.
According to the ISO code 4217 refers to the Egyptian pound with these letters EGP. It had been approved version of the Egyptian pound in 1834; it was coined and traded in 1836.
Since the beginning of the gold exchange trading and silver in Egypt and even in 1834, there was no specific monetary unit represents mainly monetary system in Egypt, but was not coined only a small number of currencies, and in 1834 released the Khedive decree on a parliamentary bill for the issuance of a new Egyptian currency based on a bimetallic system (gold and silver), to replace the main currency in circulation replaced by then a Qersh. Under this decree became minting riyals in the form of gold and silver from the preserve of the government and in 1836 was coined the Egyptian pound and put up for trading.
Due to the inability of the Egyptian role population to meet the needs of large and foreign trade transactions, and because of the use of foreign currencies for this purpose has been determined exchange rates by force of law for foreign currencies accepted in the settlement of intra-group transactions, have been fluctuations in the silver value resulted in addition to the adoption of the gold standard by most partners trade to Egypt and in particular the United Kingdom to apply the gold standard on the basis of the status quo
, After nearly thirty years of application of bimetallic system.Egyptian Pound 1899
Qersh  trading continued so that is 1/100 of the pound, divided into 40 "bara ", and in 1885 stopped the issuance of the "bara ", and the Qersh  was divided into ten parts called "ten Qersh ", so the name was changed in 1916 to "milliem ."
Central Bank of Egypt crowned his efforts in the field of currency issue creates a house to print money instead of printed abroad and started printing the different categories in the first of December of 1968 as the bank also prints some Arab currencies in favor of the central banks.
In light of the growing need for banknotes in order to facilitate transactions resulting from the growth of economic activity, especially after the application of the economic opening-up policy, the Central Bank of Egypt issued a large cash categories (100 g 0.50 g 0.20 g) where he issued the 20 gm category in May 1977 and category 100 g in May 1979 and the category of the 50 gm in March 1993.
Latest category is 200 pounds, which was launched in 2007.
Egyptian Banknotes 200 L.E

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